Hello everyone, this is Korean teacher Anne. Last time we learned the 14 consonants. There are 19 consonants in total, so we will learn the remaining 5 consonants today. These consonants are called double consonants (‘ssang jaeum’). Double consonants mean that there are two of the same vowels, i.e. ‘twin’ vowels. So if you can recall the consonants we learned in our last lesson, you should have no trouble with these double consonants. Then let’s review the consonants we learned last time then we’ll go through the double consonants. Let’s have a recap on the consonants we learned last time. First one was 가. 나 다 라 마 바 사 Yes, good job! Let’s continue. 아 자 차 카 타 파 하 Yes, those were the consonants we learned in our last lesson. These are the double consonants we’ll be learning today. If you look here, this is the very first consonant we learned in our last lesson – 가. But if you look here, there are two of these same consonants. Hence the name double consonants. Let me pronounce the difference between these two consonants then. 가 까 까 까 Do they sound the same to you? Some students say they sound the same, but the difference of this consonant is distinguished by the pitch of your voice.
There is no element ‘airy sound’ to this consonant. Using your vocal cords, this one should be pronounced more shortly, and with more accent. 까 까 까 Yes, it is different from the airy sound. The 카 카 we learned in our last lesson had the airy sound. But this one is pronounced 까 까 까 The air/wind sound is not present in this consonant. Let’s have a look at another example of double consonants.
Do you remember this consonant? 다 다 다 This one is 따 따 따. You need to give a little more emphasis and use a stronger vocal cords to pronounce this with more strength and more shortly. 따 따 따 타 타 타 – it’s different from this consonant here where the air/wind sound is present. 따 따 따 Then shall we look at another one? We learned 바 바 바 in our last lesson.
This one then should be read 빠 빠 빠. It shows a contrast from the the 파 파 파 we learned last time, which had the airy sound. 빠 빠 빠. Shall we look at another one? 사 사 사 Put a little more emphasis on it – and it becomes 싸 싸 싸. These two sound very similar to each other. 사 싸 사 싸 That’s how they should sound. The next one we have, 자 자 자. 짜 짜 짜. As you can hear, it differs from the 차 차 차 we learned last time which had the airy sound. This one is pronounced 짜 짜 짜. Let’s now refer to our textbook to get some more practice. Please refer to page 41. If you do not have the book, please refer to what is displayed on your screen. The first one we have is 까치. 까치 까치 Secondly, we have 꼬리 꼬리 꼬리 Yes, then
코끼리 코끼리 코끼리 Then we have 따다 따다 따다 Next 뜨다 뜨다 뜨다 Then we have 머리띠 머리띠 머리띠 Here we have 뿌리 뿌리 뿌리 Next, 뼈 뼈 뼈. Then we have 아빠 아빠 아빠, followed by 싸다 싸다 싸다. Next, 쓰다 쓰다 쓰다 Then we have 아저씨 아저씨 아저씨 Next 짜다 짜다 짜다 Next 찌다 찌다 찌다 Lastly 가짜 가짜 가짜. We just went through the double consonants. So let’s now see how we can write these double consonants. As I said last time, the basic rule of writing Korean is: from left to right; top to bottom. But some of the consonants are a bit more tricky to write. We’ll focus on writing such consonants today. The first one is quite easy. One, two three.
These can be written in one go, like so. This one can also be written in one go. With this one, you need to be more careful – first write this, followed by this Next one we have – when you see it for the first time, it can be quite tricky so some students write them however they like. But please don’t do that! I’ll show you the correct way to do it. One, two, three. You have to write this consonant in three separate strokes like this. One, two, three.
라 This is how it’s written. Shall we look at another one? You have to use 3 separate strokes for this one as well. 마. One, two, three. 마.
Let’s try once more. One, two three.
마. I suggest that you get a notebook to practice writing as we go along. If you’re just trying to memorize the steps by watching the video now, you may have trouble remembering later on. So please get a notebook and write along with me. Then shall we look at another one? 바 바. One, two, three, four. 바 Let’s try – one, two, three, four. 바 Yes, here it is. Then we have an easier one. One, two – 사. We have another easy one. We learnt about it last time.
아 You should have no trouble with this one. Next one is also not too tough. 자. You can write it in 2 strokes in one go – like this. Start off with the stroke at the top, followed by these two strokes should do the trick.
차 차. These two strokes should follow afterwards.
This one at the top first, then these two. 카 카
This is how you write 카. Next one. One, two, three. Let’s try it again – one, two, three 타 타 타
You can write it like so. I’ve seen some people who are very good at Korean writing in a very strange way. However that makes your writing look not-so-great and may prevent you from writing quickly, so I strongly recommend that you get a notebook to practice writing to get it right from the first time,
even if it’s a little tedious. For this one – one, two, three, four.
파 Give it a try – one, two, three, four.
파. Shall we try one more? The last one – one, two, three.
하. Let’s try again – one, two, three. 하. This is how it should be written. So far you have learned how to write 5 double consonants and consonants. What we still need to learn are the remaining vowels which are more complex. These will be additional 11 vowels on top of the 10 vowels we went through in our last lesson. We will also be learning about the ‘final consonants’ in our next lesson, which will bring our Hangul study to an end! See you next time! Thank you. This was Korean teacher Anne.